BlueWorld

Africa: Congo, Rep



About Congo, Rep

Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of experimentation with Marxism was abandoned in 1990 and a democratically elected government installed in 1992. A brief civil war in 1997 restored former Marxist President SASSOU-NGUESSO.


Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Brazzaville
Population: 2,894,336
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: French (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo has the most users)
Date of independence: 15 August 1960 (from France)
Form of government: republic
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: petroleum, timber, potash, lead, zinc, uranium, copper, phosphates, natural gas, hydropower
Environmental Issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions; water pollution from the dumping of raw sewage; tap water is not potable; deforestation
Agricultural Products: cassava (tapioca), sugar, rice, corn, peanuts, vegetables, coffee, cocoa; forest products
Imports: petroleum products, capital equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs
Exports: petroleum 50%, lumber, plywood, sugar, cocoa, coffee, diamonds
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: France 23%, US 9%, Belgium 8%, UK 7%, Italy (1997 est.)
EXPORTS: US 23%, Benelux 14%, Germany, Italy, Taiwan, China (1998)

 

Congo, Rep Headlines


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