BlueWorld

Southeast Asia: Malaysia



About Malaysia

Malaysia was created in 1963 through the merging of Malaya (independent in 1957) and the former British Singapore, both of which formed West Malaysia, and Sabah and Sarawak in north Borneo, which composed East Malaysia. The first three years of independence were marred by hostilities with Indonesia. Singapore separated from the union in 1965.


Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Kuala Lumpur
Population: 22,229,040 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: 6.8% (1997 est.)
Language: Bahasa Melayu (official), English, Chinese dialects (Cantonese, Mandarin, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow), Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai; note - in addition, in East Malaysia several indigenous languages are spoken, the largest of which are Iba
Date of independence: 31 August 1957 (from UK)
Form of government: onstitutional monarchy
Title of Leader: Paramount Ruler Sultan
Natural Resources: tin, petroleum, timber, copper, iron ore, natural gas, bauxite
Environmental Issues: air pollution from industrial and vehicular emissions; water pollution from raw sewage; deforestation; smoke/haze from Indonesian forest fires
Agricultural Products: Peninsular Malaysia - rubber, palm oil, cocoa, rice; Sabah - subsistence crops, rubber, timber, coconuts, rice; Sarawak - rubber, pepper; timber
Imports: machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, food, fuel and lubricants
Exports: electronic equipment, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, chemicals, palm oil, wood and wood products, rubber, textiles
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: Japan 21%, US 17%, Singapore 14%, Taiwan 6%, South Korea 5%, Thailand 4%, China 4% (2000 est.)
EXPORTS: US 21%, Singapore 18%, Japan 13%, Hong Kong 5%, Netherlands 4%, Taiwan 4%, Thailand 3% (2000 est.)

 

Malaysia Headlines

 


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