BlueWorld

Asia: North Korea



About North Korea

Following World War II, Korea was split into a northern, communist half and a southern, Western-oriented half. KIM Chong-il has ruled North Korea since his father and the country's founder, president KIM Il-song, died in 1994. After decades of mismanagement, the North relies heavily on international food aid to feed its population, while continuing to expend resources to maintain an army of about 1 million. North Korea's long-range missile development and research into nuclear and chemical weapons are of major concern to the international community.


Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Pyongyang
Population: 21,968,228 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Korean
Date of independence: 15 August 1945 (from Japan)
Form of government: authoritarian socialist
Title of Leader: president
Natural Resources: coal, copper, lead, molybdenum, phosphates, uranium, bauxite, gold, iron, mercury, nickel, potash, silver, tungsten, zinc, petroleum, natural gas, timber
Environmental Issues: water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water; water-borne disease; deforestation; soil erosion and degradation
Agricultural Products: rice, corn, potatoes, soybeans, pulses; cattle, pigs, pork, eggs
Imports: petroleum, coking coal, machinery and equipment; consumer goods, grain
Exports: minerals, metallurgical products, manufactures; agricultural and fishery products
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: China 33%, Japan 17%, Russia 5%, South Korea 4%, Germany 3% (1995)
EXPORTS: Japan 28%, South Korea 21%, China 5%, Germany 4%, Russia 1% (1995)

 

North Korea Headlines

 


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