BlueWorld

Europe: Yugoslavia



About Yugoslavia

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed in 1918; its name was changed to Yugoslavia in 1929. Occupation by Nazi Germany in 1941 was resisted by various partisan bands that fought themselves as well as the invaders. The group headed by Marshal TITO took full control upon German expulsion in 1945. Although communist in name, his new government successfully steered its own path between the Warsaw Pact nations and the West for the next four and a half decades. In the early 1990s, post-TITO Yugoslavia began to unravel along ethnic lines: Slovenia, Croatia, and The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia all declared their independence in 1991; Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992. The remaining republics of Serbia and Montenegro declared a new "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia" in 1992 and, under President Slobodan MILOSEVIC, Serbia led various military intervention efforts to unite Serbs in neighboring republics into a "Greater Serbia." All of these efforts were ultimately unsuccessful. In 1999, massive expulsions by Serbs of ethnic Albanians living in the autonomous republic of Kosovo provoked an international response, including the NATO bombing of Serbia and the stationing of NATO and Russian peacekeepers in Kosovo. Blatant attempts to manipulate presidential balloting in October of 2000 were followed by massive nationwide demonstrations and strikes that saw the election winner, Vojislav KOSTUNICA, replace MILOSEVIC.


Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Belgrade
Population: 10,677,290
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Serbian 95%, Albanian 5%
Date of independence: 27 April 1992 (Federal Republic of
Form of government: republic
Title of Leader: President
Natural Resources: oil, gas, coal, antimony, copper, lead, zinc, nickel, gold, pyrite, chrome, hydropower, arable land
Environmental Issues: pollution of coastal waters from sewage outlets, especially in tourist-related areas such as Kotor; air pollution around Belgrade and other industrial cities; water pollution from industrial wastes dumped into the Sava which flows into the Danube
Agricultural Products: cereals, fruits, vegetables, tobacco, olives; cattle, sheep, goats
Imports: machinery and transport equipment, fuels and lubricants, manufactured goods, chemicals, food and live animals, raw materials
Exports: manufactured goods, food and live animals, raw materials
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: Germany, Italy, Russia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (1998)
EXPORTS: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Italy, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Germany (1998)

 

Yugoslavia Headlines

 


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