Asia: Japan

About Japan

While retaining its time-honored culture, Japan rapidly absorbed Western technology during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. After its devastating defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become the second most powerful economy in the world and a staunch ally of the US. While the emperor retains his throne as a symbol of national unity, actual power rests in networks of powerful politicians, bureaucrats, and business executives. The economy experienced a major slowdown in the 1990s following three decades of unprecedented growth.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Tokyo
Population: 126,771,662 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Japanese
Date of independence: 660 BC (traditional founding by Emp
Form of government: constitutional monarchy with a parl
Title of Leader: Emperor, Prime Minister
Natural Resources: negligible mineral resources, fish
Environmental Issues: air pollution from power plant emissions results in acid rain; acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life; Japan is one of the largest consumers of fish and tropical timber, contributing to the depletion of
Agricultural Products: rice, sugar beets, vegetables, fruit; pork, poultry, dairy products, eggs; fish
Imports: fuels, foodstuffs, chemicals, textiles, office machinery
Exports: motor vehicles, semiconductors, office machinery, chemica
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: US 19%, China 14.5%, South Korea 5.4%, Taiwan 4.8%, Indonesia 4.3%, Australia 3.9% (2000 est.)
EXPORTS: US 30%, Taiwan 7%, South Korea 6.4%, China 6.2%, Hong Kong 5.6% (2000 est.)


Japan Headlines


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