Oceania: New Zealand

About New Zealand

The British colony of New Zealand became an independent dominion in 1907 and supported the UK militarily in both World Wars. New Zealand withdrew from a number of defense alliances during the 1970s and 1980s. In recent years the government has sought to address longstanding native Maori grievances.

Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Wellington
Population: 3,864,129 (July 2001 est.)
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: English (official), Maori
Date of independence: 26 September 1907 (from UK)
Form of government: parliamentary democracy
Title of Leader: Queen, represented by Governor Gene
Natural Resources: natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal, timber, hydropower, gold, limestone
Environmental Issues: deforestation; soil erosion; native flora and fauna hard-hit by species introduced from outside
Agricultural Products: wheat, barley, potatoes, pulses, fruits, vegetables; wool, beef, dairy products; fish
Imports: machinery and equipment, vehicles and aircraft, petroleum, consumer goods, plastics
Exports: dairy products, meat, fish, wool, forestry products, manufactures
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: Australia 24%, US 17%, Japan 12%, UK 4% (1999)
EXPORTS: Australia 22%, US 14%, Japan 13%, UK 7% (1999)


New Zealand Headlines


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