BlueWorld

Africa: Libya



About Libya

Since he took power in a 1969 military coup, Col. Muammar Abu Minyar al-QADHAFI has espoused his own political system - a combination of socialism and Islam - which he calls the Third International Theory. Viewing himself as a revolutionary leader, he used oil funds during the 1970s and 1980s to promote his ideology outside Libya, even supporting subversives and terrorists abroad to hasten the end of Marxism and capitalism. Libyan military adventures failed, e.g., the prolonged foray of Libyan troops into the Aozou Strip in northern Chad was finally repulsed in 1987. Libyan support for terrorism decreased after UN sanctions were imposed in 1992. Those sanctions were suspended in April 1999.


Vital Statistics
Capitol City: Tripoli
Population: 5,240,599
Percent below poverty: NA%
Language: Arabic, Italian, English, all are widely understood in the major cities
Date of independence: 24 December 1951 (from Italy)
Form of government: Jamahiriya (a state of the masses)
Title of Leader: Revolutionary Leader , Secretary of
Natural Resources: petroleum, natural gas, gypsum
Environmental Issues: desertification; very limited natural fresh water resources; the Great Manmade River Project, the largest water development scheme in the world, is being built to bring water from large aquifers under the Sahara to coastal cities
Agricultural Products: wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans; cattle
Imports: machinery, transport equipment, food, manufactured goods
Exports: crude oil, refined petroleum products
Trading Partners: IMPORTS: Italy 24%, Germany 12%, Tunisia 9%, UK 7%, France 6%, South Korea 5% (1999)
EXPORTS: Italy 33%, Germany 24%, Spain 10%, France 5%, Turkey 4%, Tunisia 4% (1999)

 

Libya Headlines


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