Area Total 1,861,484 sq km
Climate hot and dry; arid desert; rainy season varies by region (April to November)
Natural Resources petroleum; small reserves of iron ore, copper, chromium ore, zinc, tungsten, mica, silver, gold; hydropower
Imports UAE 12.7%, Egypt 10.6%, India 10.5%, Turkey 10.2%, Japan 7.6%, Saudi Arabia 6%, Germany 4.6% (2017) – foodstuffs, manufactured goods, refinery and transport equipment, medicines, chemicals, textiles, wheat
Government presidential republic
Capital Khartoum
Population 43,120,843 (July 2018 est.)
Ethnicity Sudanese Arab (approximately 70%), Fur, Beja, Nuba, Fallata
Language Arabic (official), English (official), Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Fur
Exports UAE 55.5%, Egypt 14.7%, Saudi Arabia 8.8% (2017) – gold; oil and petroleum products; cotton, sesame, livestock, peanuts, gum Arabic, sugar

News about Sudan

RSS News Sources: The Guardian | Sudan Tribune | Reuters

  • UN Secretary-General appoint South African diplomat as UNMISS chief
    by on January 16, 2021

    January 15, 2020 (JUBA) - U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres on Friday appointed a South African diplomat Nicholas Haysom as his Special Representative, Head of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS). Haysom will succeed David Shearer of New Zealand to who led the UNMISS for four years after his appointment in December 2016. The South […]

  • Ethiopian military denies Sudan airspace violation
    by on January 16, 2021

    January 15, 2021 (KHARTOUM) - Ethiopian Army Chief of Staff denied that a military plane violated the Sudanese airspace before to accuse some members of the government in Khartoum of seeking to implement the agenda of a third party. "If we go to war, it will be done openly, not secretly," said General Birhanu Jula Gelalcha in statements to the Voice of […]

  • France to host Sudan's investment conference in May: diplomat
    by on January 16, 2021

    January 15, 2020 (KHARTOUM) - French envoy discussed with the senior Sudanese officials the ongoing preparations for a high-level economic conference for economic investment in Sudan next May. Jean Michel Dumont, France Special's Envoy for Sudan was this week in Khartoum where he met with the Sudanese cabinet affairs minister and the head of the Sovereign […]

  • Sudanese Premier welcomes South Sudan's offer to mediate dispute with Ethiopia
    by on January 16, 2021

    January 15, 2021 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese Prime Minister welcomed the initiative by South Sudanese President to mediate the border standoff with Ethiopia, reported the official news agency SUNA on Friday. Abdallah Hamdok received South Sudanese Minister for East African Affairs, Deng Alor Kuol, who delivered a message from President Salva Kiir offering to […]

  • Sudan is not looking for war against Ethiopia, minister says
    by on January 15, 2021

    January 14, 2021 (KHARTOUM) - Sudan is not looking for a war against Ethiopia, but it will not hesitate to defend its citizens and territory, the Sudanese Minister of Information said upon the return of a high-level delegation from Cairo. A Sudanese delegation headed by Chames al-Din Kabbashi a member of the Sovereign Council was in Eygpt for a meeting […]

  • Sudan, South Sudan agree to expand oil cooperation
    by on January 15, 2021

    January 14, 2021 (KHARTOUM) - Sudan and South Sudan agreed to expand cooperation in the oil production, said a Sudanese official on Thursday. Undersecretary for the Oil Sector at the Ministry of Energy and Mining Hamid Suleiman returned from Juba after meetings on ways to increase oil production with his South Sudanese counterpart. Upon his arrival to […]

  • Sudan closes airspace on Ethiopian border
    by on January 15, 2021

    January 14, 2021 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese Civil Aviation Authority (SCAA) has declared the closure of airspace over eastern Sudan region of Gadaref, after the incursion of an Ethiopian fighter plane on Wednesday. "The measure has been taken in the wake of the violation of the Sudanese airspace by an Ethiopian fighter jet on Wednesday morning," the SCAA […]

  • US Commerce Department to lift terror-related export restrictions on Sudan
    by on January 15, 2021

    January 14, 2021 (WASHINGTON) – The United States Department of Commerce (DoC) is set to publish an amendment to its regulations that would eliminate export restrictions that were imposed on Sudan because of its previous inclusion on the U.S. list of states that sponsor terrorism. The White House's Office of Management and Budget (OMB) had cleared the […]

  • Sudanese Coptic say facing restrictions to build new churches
    by on January 14, 2021

    January 13, 2020 (KHARTOUM) - A Sudan's Coptic Church official said they are still facing difficulties to get permission for the construction of new churches despite the regime change in Sudan in April 2019. The International Christian Concern released a statement on 10 January saying that Sudanese Christian they are still facing the same administrative […]

  • UAE explores ways to facilitate, Sudan, Ethiopia, Egypt stalled talks on giant dam
    by on January 14, 2021

    January 13, 2021 (KHARTOUM) - United Arab Emirates (UAE) seeks to facilitate the stalled talks over the filling and operation of the Grand Ethiopian Dam (GERD), said the Sudan News Agency (SUNA) on Wednesday. The official agency said a delegation including senior officials from the UAE's foreign ministry was in a one-day visit to Khartoum to in an effort […]

  • 'Like torture’: Calais police accused of continued migrant rights abuses
    by Peter Yeung in Calais on January 13, 2021

    Relentless and escalating programme of refugee evictions amounts to a campaign of harassment, say activistsShortly before sunrise on 9 January, about 40 officers and officials gathered outside Calais police station as temperatures dipped to -3C (26.6F). Shortly after, in a well-drilled procedure, a nine-vehicle convoy started down the road towards the first […]

  • ‘How was I allowed to stay? It wasn’t fair’: random process the difference between freedom and detention
    by Michael Green on December 15, 2020

    Exceptions are the rule in the Australian government’s policy of deterring asylum seekers – and they are ‘arbitrary and cruel’Two in every five asylum seekers who arrived in Australia by boat after 19 July 2013 were not sent to offshore detention.The numbers give lie to the assertions of successive federal governments. When he announced the policy, […]

  • US ends Sudan's pariah status by removing country from terrorism list
    by Associated Press in Cairo on December 14, 2020

    Announcement by US embassy in Khartoum clears way for Sudan to secure international loansDonald Trump’s outgoing administration has removed Sudan from the US list of state sponsors of terrorism, a move that could help the African country get international loans to revive its battered economy and end its pariah status.The US embassy in Khartoum said in a […]

  • Sudanese singer faces deportation from Netherlands despite safety fears
    by Zeinab Mohammed Salih on December 11, 2020

    Rejection of Mohamed al-Tayeb’s asylum case comes amid changes to immigration policy critics say are an attempt to placate far rightA Sudanese singer whose television appearance on The Voice brought him threats from security officers is facing deportation from the Netherlands, where he has lived for two years.Mohamed al-Tayeb, 30, who appeared on the […]

  • ‘Now I have nothing’: Tigray conflict has changed Ethiopia for ever, say refugees
    by Emmanuel Akinwotu on December 6, 2020

    A camp in Sudan is temporary refuge for thousands fleeing a region where life had seemed idyllic – until the killing began Before shelling by Ethiopia’s army ripped through Humera in early November, life in the airy, agricultural city in Tigray was idyllic, says Brhane Haftu, a geography teacher.“I was rich, not because of money, but happiness. I had […]

  • 'I saw people dying on the road': Tigray's traumatised war refugees
    by Emmanuel Akinwotu in Hamdayet on December 2, 2020

    People who fled fighting in northern Ethiopia tell of atrocities and gruelling journey to SudanWhen Ethiopia’s army shelled Humera, a small agricultural city in Tigray, in mid-November, 54-year-old Gush Tela rushed his wife and three children to safety in a nearby town.A few days later, he felt compelled to find out what had become of his home. As he […]

  • Revealed: UN Sudan expert's links to Russian oligarch Prigozhin
    by Luke Harding on November 27, 2020

    Exclusive: documents show links between academic and oligarch placed under US sanctionsLeaked documents show links between an academic serving on a United Nations expert panel on Sudan, and Yevgeny Prigozhin, the Russian oligarch under US sanctions who has led Russia’s recent push into Africa.According to the US, Prigozhin runs the Wagner group, which has […]

  • Sudan says it will stamp out child marriage and enforce ban on FGM
    by Emmanuel Akinwotu West Africa correspondent on November 27, 2020

    Police told to enforce law against cutting girls passed in July as country says it will adhere to African charter on child rightsSudanese authorities have announced they will end child marriage and enforce the country’s ban on female genital mutilation (FGM), in a major step forward for the rights of women and girls.Police officers were told on Wednesday […]

  • There are some lessons of lockdown I’d like to hang on to to | Nesrine Malik
    by Nesrine Malik on November 23, 2020

    Vaccine news has me dreaming about a return to normality. But I worry something will be lost in the rush back to life as it wasCoronavirus – latest updatesSee all our coronavirus coverageA couple of years ago, I received an email from a retired university English teacher. His eyesight was poor, and so a friend sent the email on his behalf. He had taught […]

  • If Ethiopia descends into chaos, it could take the Horn of Africa with it
    by Simon Tisdall on November 22, 2020

    As conflicts rapidly unfold in Ethiopia, Sudan, Somalia and Yemen, the US, UK and European states are being sidelinedThe Ethiopian army’s assault on Tigray province marks a serious backwards step by the country’s prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, who has been feted internationally as a moderniser and Nobel peace prize winner. Abiy calls it a “law […]

  • Ethiopia fighting could drive 200,000 to Sudan in coming months, says UN
    by Kate Hodal and Jason Burke on November 20, 2020

    Officials warn that number of refugees crossing border already surpassing preparationsViolence in northern Ethiopia will probably drive 200,000 people into neighbouring Sudan over the coming months, UN agencies have warned, where food, shelter and medicine are urgently needed.The number of refugees streaming across the border has already surpassed agency […]

  • Why is Ethiopia facing civil war? – video explainer
    by Jason Burke, Jamie Macwhirter and Nikhita Chulani on November 19, 2020

    Hundreds have been killed and tens of thousands forced to flee their homes in Ethiopia, Africa's second most populous country, as federal troops battle rebels in the northern Tigray region. The Guardian's Jason Burke explains what sparked the conflict, why it threatens to destabilise the Horn of Africa – and examines how the prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, […]

  • Berhane Woldegabriel obituary
    by Amanda Woolley on November 17, 2020

    My friend Berhane Woldegabriel, who has died aged 74, was an Eritrean who settled in the UK after fleeing from Sudan, where he had been a journalist. Based in London from 1993, he then worked in various roles, including as a university lecturer and as a community representative and facilitator with the Eritrean community in Britain and the diaspora.Born in […]

  • Could Tigray conflict turn Ethiopia into a 'Libya of east Africa'?
    by Jason Burke Africa correspondent on November 17, 2020

    Fighting in north-west region threatens to destabilise country and draw in foreign powersThe conflict pits Ethiopian government forces and allied militia against troops loyal to the Tigray People’s Liberation Front, which is the ruling party of the Tigray region. Ethiopia’s prime minister, Abiy Ahmed, launched military operations in Tigray on 4 November […]

  • Thousands more refugees cross into Sudan to flee fighting in Ethiopia
    by Jason Burke Africa correspondent on November 12, 2020

    Fears grow of humanitarian crisis as conflict in Tigray region pushes 8,000 people across border in two daysThousands more refugees have fled fighting in northern Ethiopia’s Tigray region and crossed into neighbouring Sudan, as fears grow that conflict between national and provincial forces could prompt a serious humanitarian crisis.As many as 10,000 […]

  • Dozens of Sudanese migrants held in Cairo after protests
    by Zeinab Mohammed Salih on November 12, 2020

    The killing of a 12-year-old boy sparked calls for justice and action to counter human rights violations of black African refugees in EgyptDozens of Sudanese refugees and migrants have been arrested after protests over the murder of a young boy in Cairo.Amnesty International said about 70 people, including children, were arrested by Egyptian security forces […]

  • Sudan government denies Rift Valley fever outbreak despite reports of deaths
    by Zeinab Mohammed Salih in Khartoum on October 27, 2020

    Doctors say cases and dozens of deaths from the disease have occurred since August floods, with cases of malaria and cholera also on the riseAn outbreak of Rift Valley fever has killed dozens of people and infected more than 1,000 in Sudan’s Northern state, according to local doctors.Doctors told the Guardian the disease has spread across the towns of […]

  • Sudan is being rewarded for its revolution with blackmail | Nesrine Malik
    by Nesrine Malik on October 25, 2020

    Sanctions punished the Sudanese people, not their rulers. The US extracting compensation is one more hypocritical actFew countries in the world have been subjected to as many punitive sanctions as Sudan. After the deposed president Omar al-Bashir came to power in a military coup in 1989, the country was gradually cut off from the rest of the world, with the […]

  • Sudan-Israel deal depends on legislative approval, minister says
    by Jason Burke and Zeinab Mohammed Salih on October 24, 2020

    Deal trumpeted by Donald Trump cannot go ahead without approval of non-existent legislative council A groundbreaking deal between Israel and Sudan trumpeted as a diplomatic triumph by Donald Trump on Friday will only go ahead if it is approved by Sudan’s legislative council, which currently does not exist, senior officials in Khartoum have said.The […]

  • Sudan and Israel agree US-brokered deal on normalising relations
    by Jason Burke and Oliver Holmes on October 23, 2020

    Donald Trump seeks to score points from deal; Palestinians call it ‘a new stab in the back’Israel and Sudan have agreed to work towards normalising relations in a deal brokered by the US that would make Sudan the third Arab country to set aside hostilities with Israel in the past two months.Donald Trump sealed the agreement in a phone call on Friday […]

RSS News Sources: The Guardian | Sudan Tribune | Reuters
Sudan map