Area Total 1,285,216 sqkm
Climate varies from tropical in east to dry desert in west; temperate to frigid in Andes
Natural Resources copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas
Imports $38.65 billion (2017 est.)partners: China 22.3%, US 20.1%, Brazil 6%, Mexico 4.4% (2017)
Exports $44.92 billion (2017 est.)partners: China 26.5%, US 15.2%, Switzerland 5.2%, South Korea 4.4%, Spain 4.1%, India 4.1% (2017)
Government presidential republic
Capital Lima
Population 31.3 million (July 2018 est.)
Ethnicity mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white) 60.2%, Amerindian 25.8%, white 5.9%, African descent 3.6%, other 1.2%, unspecified 3.3% (2017 est.)
Language Spanish (official) 82.9%, Quechua (official) 13.6%, Aymara(official) 1.6%, Ashaninka0.3%, other languages 1.8% (2017 est.)

News about Peru

  • The smell of money: why locals think Peru’s billion-dollar fishmeal sector stinks
    by Dan Collyns in Chimbote on January 21, 2022

    Those living in the coastal city of Chimbote say the industry pollutes the air and water, makes their children sick and has put local fishers out of workJust before you reach Chimbote, a seaside city 260 miles (420km) north of the Peruvian capital Lima, you can smell it. It’s like the whiff of a fishmonger’s stall on a hot afternoon. For Peruvians, […]

  • Peru seeks compensation after oil spill devastates marine life – video
    on January 20, 2022

    Peru has demanded compensation from the Spanish oil firm Repsol after freak waves caused by a volcanic eruption near Tonga caused a disastrous oil spill. The spill happened in an area rich in marine life such as seabirds, sea lions and otters. Locals have only rudimentary equipment to try to clear the oil. Peru’s prime minister, Mirtha Vásquez, has […]

  • Peru demands compensation for disastrous oil spill caused by Tonga volcano
    by Dan Collyns in Lima on January 19, 2022

    Volcanic eruption caused spill, described as the worst ecological disaster to hit country in recent history, at refineries operated by Spanish oil giant RepsolPeru has demanded compensation from the Spanish oil giant Repsol after freak waves from a volcanic eruption near Tonga caused an oil spill described as the worst ecological disaster to hit the South […]

  • How the Tonga volcano has been felt around the world – video
    on January 17, 2022

    A large underwater volcano in Tonga has sent huge swells around the world affecting countries bordering the Pacific Ocean. The tsunami waves caused damage to boats as far away as New Zealand and large swells were seen in California and Japan but did not appear to cause any widespread damage. Two people have drowned off a beach in northern Peru, local […]

  • Two drown in Peru as abnormally big waves from Tonga volcano hit coast
    by Reuters on January 17, 2022

    More than 20 Peruvian ports closed while TV images show seawater flooding homes and businesses in country’s centre and north Two people have drowned off a beach in northern Peru, local authorities say, after unusually high waves were recorded in several coastal areas following Saturday’s eruption of an underwater volcano in Tonga.The deaths occurred on […]

  • Peruvian statue’s giant penis thrills tourists but vandals are turned off
    by Dan Collyns in Lima on January 7, 2022

    Visitors stop for selfies with 9ft representation of fertility symbol from pre-Columbian Mochica culture but phallus already damagedThe newly erected statue of a grinning man with an enormous phallus has prompted delight and rage in an archaeological hotspot in northern Peru where it has been on show since the beginning of the year.Although perhaps not […]

  • A seed for all seasons: can ancient methods future-proof food security in the Andes?
    by Dan Collyns in Choquecancha on December 25, 2021

    In Peru’s remote villages, farmers have used diverse crops to survive unpredictable weather for millennia. Now they are using this knowledge to adapt to the climate crisisIn a pastoral scene that has changed little in centuries, farmers wearing red woollen ponchos gather on a December morning in a semicircle to drink chicha, made from fermented maize, and […]

  • The world on screen: the best movies from Africa, Asia and Latin America
    by Guardian writers on December 24, 2021

    From a Somali love story to a deep dive into Congolese rumba, Guardian writers pick their favourite recent world cinema releasesRead more: Books that explain the world: Guardian writers’ nonfiction reads of the yearThe Great Indian Kitchen Continue reading...

  • ‘A Francoist daydream’: how Spain’s right clings to its imperialist past
    by Sam Jones in Madrid on December 18, 2021

    A Peruvian author fears her adopted home is far from an apology for its Latin American abuses The Plaza Mayor, where tourists gather to drink steep beers and feast on overpriced paella, may be better known. So may Puerta del Sol, where locals ring in the new year by eating a grape on each of the 12 chimes.But Madrid’s Plaza de Colón, a 25-minute walk […]

  • Archaeologists unearth mummy estimated to be at least 800 years old in Peru
    by Reuters on November 27, 2021

    Remains found inside an underground structure were tied up by ropes and with the hands covering the faceA team of experts has found a mummy estimated to be at least 800 years old on Peru’s central coast, one of the archaeologists who participated in the excavation said.The mummified remains were of a person from the culture that developed between the […]

  • UK’s Hochschild fights Peru’s plans to close mines over environmental impact
    by Jillian Ambrose on November 22, 2021

    London-listed firm says it will ‘vigorously defend’ plan to continue mining gold and silver The UK metals company Hochschild Mining is to fight plans by Peru’s government to hasten the closure of several mines in the southern Ayacucho region because of concerns over their environmental impact.The London-listed mining company has promised to […]

  • ‘A remarkable history’: inside the exhibition bringing Peru’s past to life
    by Nicholas Wroe on November 11, 2021

    A British Museum show on ancient Andean civilisations is revealing new insights into their views of time, society and warThe British Museum’s landmark show Peru: A Journey in Time has been a decade in the making and enables the museum to foreground objects from its own collections and present them alongside treasures from Peru seen for the first time in […]

  • ‘A trippy tale of hallucinogens and human sacrifice’: Peru: A Journey in Time – review
    by Jonathan Jones on November 9, 2021

    British Museum, LondonCactus-induced visions and shamanic pan pipe rituals abound in this celebration of an ancient folk culture that marched to its own drumbeatLike a llama chewing its cud, Peru begins placidly: there is a display of pots. You could be forgiven for feeling a bit underwhelmed. But this exhibition’s calm, steady pace and cool layout […]

  • ‘My mission has been accomplished’: how Susana Baca resurrected Afro-Peruvian music
    by Ammar Kalia on October 20, 2021

    In her 50-year career, Baca has been a singer, ethnomusicologist and Peru’s minister of culture. As she releases her 16th album, she reveals why her work is as vital as it has ever beenSusana Baca has lived multiple lives in her 77 years. She is one of Peru’s most celebrated singers, and a champion of Afro-Peruvian music, amplified by a partnership with […]

  • Fever Dream review – a beautiful and bonkers future cult classic
    by Leslie Felperin on October 7, 2021

    Director Claudia Llosa returns to form with a woozy work about a cosy domesticity in rural Argentina shattered by uncanny intrudersAfter making high-arthouse awards-magnet The Milk of Sorrow in her native Peru in 2009, director Claudia Llosa stumbled in 2014 with her first English-language feature, Aloft which, despite its title, failed to take flight. And […]

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