Area Total 527,968 sq km
Climate mostly desert; hot and humid along west coast; temperate in western mountains affected by seasonal monsoon; extraordinarily hot, dry, harsh desert in east
Natural Resources petroleum, fish, rock salt, marble; small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, and copper; fertile soil in west
Imports $4.079 billion (2017 est.) partners: UAE 12.2%, China 12.1%, Turkey 8.7%, Brazil 7.3%, Saudi Arabia 6.5%, Argentina 5.5%, India 4.7% (2017) – food and live animals, machinery and equipment, chemicals
Exports $384.5 million (2017 est.) partners: Egypt 29.4%, Thailand 16.7%, Belarus 13.5%, Oman 10.5%, UAE 6.5%, Saudi Arabia 5% (2017) -crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish, liquefied natural gas
Government in transition
Capital Sanaa
Population 28.7 million (July 2018 est.)
Ethnicity predominantly Arab; but also Afro-Arab, South Asian, European
Language Arabic (official); note: a distinct Socotri language is widely used on Socotra Island and Archipelago; Mahri is still fairly widely spoken in eastern Yemen

Yemen occupies the southwest corner of the Arabian peninsula. Saudi Arabia is to its north and Oman to the east.

Within Yemen, there has traditionally been a divide between north and south. The country has only been unified since 1990. Since 2011, a civil war has been going on between the Houthis in the south and the government forces in the north. Saudi Arabia has been participating on the side of the government.

Although Yemen is poor, it has many places of historical and archaeological significance. The Queen of Sheba is said to have reigned there in ancient times.

News about Yemen

  • UN: More than 50 million people affected by urban conflicts
    by Via AP news wire on January 26, 2022

    The United Nations chief says more than 50 million people are currently affected by conflict in urban areas from Afghanistan to Libya, Syria, Yemen and beyond where they face a much higher risk of being killed or injured

  • United Arab Emirates intercepts two ballistic missiles targeting Abu Dhabi
    by Associated Press in Dubai on January 24, 2022

    Missile fire, claimed by Yemeni Houthi rebels in retaliation for airstrikes, further escalates tensionsThe United Arab Emirates intercepted two ballistic missiles claimed by Yemen’s Houthi rebels over the skies of Abu Dhabi early on Monday, authorities said, the second attack in a week that targeted the Emirati capital.The missile fire further escalates […]

  • UN condemns airstrike in Yemen that leaves more than 80 dead
    by Clea Skopeliti and agencies on January 22, 2022

    Hundreds also wounded as Saudi-led coalition denies reports it bombed detention centre in Sa’adaThe UN has condemned an airstrike on a detention centre in northern Yemen as the death toll rose to more than 80.The airstrike in the rebel-held Sa’ada province on Friday morning followed a Houthi drone attack on the United Arab Emirates on Monday that killed […]

  • Yemen: Saudi-led airstrike on rebel-run prison kills at least 60 and wounds 200
    by Martin Chulov Middle East correspondent on January 22, 2022

    Hospitals overwhelmed in Sa’ada after attack levels buildings in Houthi northern heartlandAn airstrike on a prison in northern Yemen killed at least 60 people and wounded 200 more, while a separate attack shut down the country’s internet, as Saudi-led reprisals to a Houthi drone attack on the United Arab Emirates intensified.The violence marked an […]

  • Yemen: drone footage shows scale of destruction after airstrike on prison – video
    on January 21, 2022

    An airstrike on a prison in northern Yemen has killed at least 60 people and wounded 200 more. The violence marked an especially deadly day in the seven-year war, leaving bystanders searching through rubble with their bare hands to rescue those trapped in the detention centre in Sa’ada. Overwhelmed nearby hospitals said they had been forced to turn away […]

  • Why is the UK government still getting away with complicity in the Yemen war? | Owen Jones
    by Owen Jones on January 20, 2022

    For seven years, the Yemeni people have been pummelled with Saudi bombs, many from Britain. Yet Westminster is silentThis is a far greater scandal than the parties in Downing Street. In a just world, it would prove the downfall of our prime minister. This week, airstrikes by the Saudis and their allies killed more than a dozen people in Yemen, civilians […]

  • Saudis hit back with deadly airstrikes in Yemen after Houthis’ UAE drone attack
    by Martin Chulov Middle East correspondent on January 18, 2022

    Coalition announces strikes on Houthi strongholds as global leaders rally round Abu DhabiHouthi forces who control much of northern Yemen say about 20 people have died in Saudi-led coalition airstrikes on the capital, Sana’a, a day after a Houthi drone attack killed three people in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia’s coalition partner.Neighbours […]

  • New UK cost of living threat as oil rises to highest price in seven years
    by Larry Elliott on January 18, 2022

    With petrol and diesel already close to record highs, driving costs look likely to increase againBritain’s hard-pressed households face a fresh threat to their living standards after fears of Middle East supply disruption sent the price of oil to its highest level in seven years.With the cost of petrol and diesel already close to their highest-ever level […]

  • Iraq’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs condemns the attack on the UAE
    by IraqiNews on January 18, 2022

    Baghdad ( – The Ministry of Foreign Affairs condemned the attack on the United Arab Emirates and the targeting of oil pipelines in Mussafah, Abu Dhabi.  In a statement in Arabic, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said: “We affirm the Iraqi position to stand against any aggression and reject escalation in the region. We request The post […]

  • Suspected drone attack kills three in Abu Dhabi and raises tensions
    by Martin Chulov Middle East correspondent on January 17, 2022

    Yemen’s Houthi forces claim strikes, which follow pressure on Iran to kickstart nuclear talks with USHouthi forces in Yemen have claimed responsibility for an apparent drone attack in Abu Dhabi that killed three people and is likely to raise regional tensions as a crucial phase nears in nuclear discussions with Iran.The strikes, which also injured six […]

  • Home Office tells Afghan and Yemeni asylum seekers they can return safely
    by Diane Taylor on January 13, 2022

    Rejection of men’s claims was against UK guidance not to force returns to Afghanistan and YemenThe Home Office has told asylum seekers from some of the world’s biggest conflict zones that it is safe for them to return there, the Guardian has learned.A 36-year-old from Yemen and a 21-year-old from Afghanistan have both had their asylum claims rejected by […]

  • Yemeni rebels seize UAE ship in Red Sea after upsurge in violence
    by Patrick Wintour and agencies on January 3, 2022

    Coalition says vessel was carrying medical supplies but Houthis put out videos they claim show ammunition on boardYemeni rebels have seized an Emirati-flagged vessel in the Red Sea, with the insurgents and the Saudi-led coalition giving contrasting explanations for the latest escalation in a seven-year war.The coalition, fighting in support of Yemen’s […]

  • Royal Navy says it received reports of vessel attacked off Yemen
    by Reuters on January 3, 2022

    UKMTO advises mariners to exercise extreme caution in the area following the incident in the Red SeaThe Royal Navy’s maritime information service has received reports of an attack on a vessel near Yemen’s port of Ras Isa and an investigation was being conducted.In an advisory issued at 2150 GMT on Sunday, the United Kingdom Maritime Trade Operations […]

  • The Guardian view on Yemen: the forgotten war | Editorial
    by Editorial on December 30, 2021

    Years of brutal conflict have brought misery to an already impoverished country. There is no end in sightBy the end of this year, the United Nations warned recently, 377,000 Yemenis will have died from seven devastating years of war – in many cases killed by indirect causes such as hunger; in others, by airstrikes or missile bombardments. Seventy per cent […]

  • ‘No roof, no seats, no desks’: photographing Yemen’s conflict-hit schools
    by Bethan McKernan on December 27, 2021

    Years of fighting mean children as old as 10 have never been to school. Khaled Ziad’s images document a generation whose entire future is at riskRead more in our series: Forgotten human rights crises 2021 Their classroom has no roof, no seats, no desks; most of the 50 small children sitting on the rubble-strewn floor have no pens or paper. But the […]

Yemen map