|Area Total||187,437 sq km|
|Climate||mostly desert; hot, dry, sunny summers (June to August) and mild, rainy winters (December to February) along coast; cold weather with snow or sleet periodically in Damascus|
|Natural Resources||petroleum, phosphates, chrome and manganese ores, asphalt, iron ore, rock salt, marble, gypsum, hydropower|
|Imports||Russia 32.4%, Turkey 16.7%, China 9.5% (2017) – machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper|
|Population||19,454,263 (July 2018 est.)|
|Ethnicity||Arab ~50%, Alawite ~15%, Kurd ~10%, Levantine ~10%, other ~15% (includes Druze, Ismaili, Imami, Nusairi, Assyrian, Turkoman, Armenian)|
|Language||Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, English|
|Exports||Lebanon 31.5%, Iraq 10.3%, Jordan 8.8%, China 7.8%, Turkey 7.5%, Spain 7.3% (2017) – crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat|
News about Syria
Joe Biden will 'head to the Cornwall for his first overseas trip'
on January 18, 2021
Carbis Bay in Britain's most southerly county has a population of just over 3,000 and is set to host the G7 meeting in June. Joe Biden is set to attend.
Biden will reverse a host of Trump policies in a series of executive orders on his first day
on January 17, 2021
Joe Biden will be keeping busy during the first days of his presidency after vowing to enact several executive orders right away while on the campaign trail.
Life in Hull is 'hell' says Iraqi refugee seeking council house
on January 13, 2021
Intesar Hassan, 55, arrived in Hull in 2012 after fleeing conflict in Iraq and Syria. The mother-of-four has said life in the North East is 'hell'.
Video of terrorists training to kill Westerners with the group who did the Bali Bombings uncovered
on January 3, 2021
A compilation video of the training, which was conducted in the period 2013-2018 and involved what has been described as a JI special force, has been released by Indonesian police.
Is ISIS making a comeback? Bus massacre in Syria sparks fears
on January 1, 2021
The Islamic State group claimed responsibility Thursday for an attack that killed nearly 40 soldiers in Syria the day before when jihadists ambushed a bus in eastern Syria.
British-born Jihadi bride, 25, calls the children killed in the Manchester bombing 'victims of war'
on December 31, 2020
Samia Hussein, 25, who joined the Islamic State in 2015, was smuggled out of Syria earlier this year. In an interview she refused to condemn the bombing at a concern in Manchester Arena in 2017.
New York Times admits it got duped by a hoaxer
on December 19, 2020
The New York Times has admitted to 'an institutional failure' in the making of its podcast 'Caliphate' by giving 'too much credence' to a man now revealed as a fantasist pretending to be a terrorist.
France's 'most wanted woman' jailed along with 13 others over 2015 Charlie Hebdo attack
on December 16, 2020
Hayat Boumeddiene, wife of jihadi gunman Amedy Coulibaly, was among 14 people found guilty Wednesday over attacks on Charlie Hebdo and a Jewish supermarket in January 2015.
ISIS bride Shamima Begum WILL be arrested if she returns to UK, counter-terror chief says
on December 15, 2020
Neil Basu said people who had gone to Syria and made it back should expect to be investigated and face prosecution. Pictured: Begum.
Archaeologists rediscover 1600-year-old Roman pagan figurine workshop in Israel
on December 14, 2020
An ancient Roman ceramic workshop was first discovered in 1934 and lost in the 1940s. Experts have rediscovered it after finding a trove of pagan figurines and oil lamps some 1,600 years old.
Deradicalisation of jihadis does NOT work, warns terror watchdog
on December 14, 2020
Jonathan Hall QC, the head of the terrorism watchdog, today said offenders were 'deceptive' towards probation staff and would say what they wanted to hear in mentoring meetings.
The most dangerous countries in the world for 2021 revealed
on December 1, 2020
The world map shows where travellers are most likely to face security risks. To assess how dangerous a country is factors such as the risk of political violence and social unrest are taken into account.
Sydney: Syrian refugee and mother is found dead in her apartment and husband is charged with murder
on November 30, 2020
Samr Dawoodi, 42, was found mortally wounded by stab wounds after an 'alleged domestic violence related incident' at her unit on Nelson Street in Fairfield, in Sydney's West.
British ISIS jihadist at Syrian prison camp demands return to the UK for 'rehabilitation'
on November 29, 2020
Aseel Muthana left Wales for Syria in 2013, aged 17, following his brother Nasser and another friend in joining the jihadist group. Now, he is saying he should be allowed to return to the UK.
The shadowy Islamic State cell looking to free Western jihadi brides
on November 29, 2020
Reporters spent weeks communicating with a 'fixer' in Turkey before catching a 'courier' on camera in London picking up what he thought was a £4,500 donation to the terror group's cause.
Historic Photographer of the Year 2020: Contest winners revealed
on November 27, 2020
The winning and shortlisted images in the Historic Photographer of the Year Awards 2020 were unveiled today by broadcaster Dan Snow and historic and cultural travel experts Trip Historic.
Convicted terrorist, 27, who REFUSED to explain contact with Salman Abedi to be FREED from jail
on November 26, 2020
Abdalraouf Abdallah, 27, was jailed in 2016 after he was found guilty of helping people travel to Syria to join so-called Islamic State.He was visited in jail by Manchester Arena attacker Salman Abedi.
US boy who appeared in ISIS propaganda video speaks after returning home
on November 23, 2020
Matthew was forced to leave the US for Syria in 2015 aged just eight, appeared in an ISIS propaganda video aged 10 and is now living back in the US - where he has spoken about his ordeal.
RT news channel loses High Court challenge over £200k fine
on November 20, 2020
RT has lost a London High Court challenge over a £200,000 fine for repeated breaches of impartiality rules over broadcasts on the Salisbury poisoning (pictured, George Galloway).
Hong Kong, Paris and Zurich are the world's most expensive cities and Damascus is cheapest
on November 18, 2020
Researchers looked at the prices of 138 products and services - including food, drink, clothing and household supplies in around 130 cities worldwide - to draw up the ranking.