|Area Total||912,050 sq km|
|Climate||tropical; hot, humid; more moderate in highlands|
|Natural Resources||petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds|
|Imports||agricultural products, livestock, raw materials, machinery and equipment, transport equipment, construction materials, medical equipment, petroleum products, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, iron and steel products – US 24.8%, China 14.2%, Mexico 9.5% (2017)|
|Government||federal presidential republic|
|Population||31,689,176 (July 2018 est.)|
|Ethnicity||unspecified Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Arab, German, African, indigenous people|
|Language||Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects|
|Exports||petroleum and petroleum products, bauxite and aluminum, minerals, chemicals, agricultural products – US 34.8%, India 17.2%, China 16%, Netherlands Antilles 8.2%, Singapore 6.3%, Cuba 4.2% (2017)|
News about Venezuela
- NGO warns Essequibo question might end up in war between Venezuela and Guyanaon November 25, 2023
Control Ciudadano (Social Watch - CC) Chairwoman Rocío San Miguel said Guyanese President Irfaan Alí's recent statements regarding the military support of several countries to defend the Essequibo amounted to a “very strong warning for Venezuela,” which will hold a referendum on the matter on Dec. 3.
- ‘We need help’: Chicago medical students are serving the migrants Texas is sending by busby Alma Campos in Chicago on November 22, 2023
Volunteers are offering aid to the more than 3,000 migrants who sleep in local police stations and airportsBy the time eight-year-old Miguel was put on a bus for a 1,500-mile trip across the US, his leg was badly infected from a cut from barbed wire at the US-Mexico border.On another bus, a woman who had started bleeding in federal detention in Texas had a […]
- Paraguay and Venezuela resume diplomatic tieson November 16, 2023
Paraguay and Venezuela agreed on Wednesday to resume diplomatic ties cut under former Paraguayan President Mario Abdo Benítez in January 2019. At that time, the then-president of Venezuela's National Assembly, Juan Guaidó, proclaimed himself president of a government that ended up in exile despite the backing of the international community and eventually […]
- Human traffickers offer ‘VIP route’ from Venezuela to avoid Darién perils. It’s just as dangerousby Iñigo Alexander in San Andrés on November 9, 2023
Coyotes claim route is ‘100% safe’, but dozens have died and Colombian coast guard have rescued more than 1,000 peopleSome time before dawn on an October morning, Jancerlin Martínez, 33, was preparing to embark on the next leg of her journey to the United States, where she hoped to join relatives in Florida. She had left Venezuela with her sister […]
- Guyana asks The Hague court to stop Venezuelan referendum on the annexation of half of its territoryon November 8, 2023
Guyana has asked the UN's highest court to stop a Venezuelan referendum on the annexation of the Esequibo, half of its territory and its oil-rich offshore, a claim going back to colonial times.
- Chile: 14 killed in migrant settlement fire in Biobioon November 7, 2023
At least 14 migrants were killed in a fire in the town of Coronel, some 530 kilometers south of Santiago, in the region of Biobio, it was reported Monday.
- Venezuelan Supreme Court annuls Machado's win in primarieson October 31, 2023
The Electoral branch of Venezuela's Supreme Court (TSJ) has annulled the opposition's Oct. 22 primaries whereby María Corina Machado had been chosen to take on President Nicolás Maduro in the 2024 elections. The Court argued that Machado had been disenfranchised for 15 years in addition to fraud allegations affecting the process, it was reported in […]
- Venezuela primary results suspended in latest blow directed at oppositionby Luke Taylor in Cúcuta, Colombia on October 30, 2023
María Corina Machado was overwhelmingly elected to take on Nicolás Maduro in presidential election expected next yearVenezuela’s supreme court has suspended the results of the political opposition’s primaries after María Corina Machado was overwhelmingly elected last Sunday to take on President Nicolás Maduro in a presidential contest expected for […]
- Venezuelans handpick plastic and rake up oil in bid to save Lake Maracaibo – videoon October 26, 2023
Anglers in Venezuela have been raking up oil spills and collecting plastic waste from Lake Maracaibo to try to save the lake that sustains their livelihoods. President Nicolás Maduro has ordered the implementation of a "rescue, attention and decontamination" plan for the 13,000 sq km lake, one of South America’s largest and one of the oldest in the […]
- ‘It’s not perfect – but it’s not dead’: the mission to save Lake Maracaibo – a photo essayby Camille Rodríguez Montilla, in Maracaibo on October 26, 2023
The lake in the heart of Venezuela’s oil territory is coated with slimy crude and neon green algae. Now fishers, scientists, local people and even human hair are being deployed to clean it up• All photographs by Rosana SilvaArmed with picks and shovels, 20 anglers slowly arrive at the shore of Lake Maracaibo with the sun’s first light. Their mission […]
- Machado wins Venezuelan primaries by a landslideon October 24, 2023
Opposition leader María Corina Machado obtained 93.13 % of the vote in Venezuela's primary elections held Sunday. According to local authorities in Caracas, the results were not released until Monday due to technology issues. Although Machado was widely expected to win, it remains to be seen whether she is allowed to run against President Nicolás Maduro, […]
- Venezuela: Machado takes big early lead in presidential primary voteby Associated Press in Caracas on October 23, 2023
Challenger to crisis-ridden presidency of Nicolás Maduro claims victory after Venezuelans queue for hours in rainstorm to voteMaria Machado: can challenger pull Venezuela out of chaos?Early returns in the Venezuelan opposition’s presidential primary have given a big lead to former legislator María Corina Machado, who quickly claimed victory as the […]
- In the hope of political change in 2024, thousands vote in Venezuela's opposition primarieson October 22, 2023
Thousands of Venezuelans voted this Sunday in the opposition primaries in the hope of a change of president in 2024, a long race that citizens opposed to chavismo took on with enthusiasm, with the purpose of voting. Liberal María Corina Machado, a pariah of the Venezuelan opposition for the past decade, is now emerging as a strong favorite.
- ‘Their last hope’: can a political challenger in Venezuela pull the country out of chaos?by Luke Taylor in Bogotá on October 21, 2023
María Corina Machado is leading the charge against Nicolás Maduro’s presidency as opponents look to elections in 2024The last time Venezuelans went to the polls in 2018, the political opposition to Nicolás Maduro, the president, deemed the election so farcical it walked away from the contest.Since then, a fractured opposition has largely resigned […]
- Deal between Venezuelan gov't and opposition welcomed worldwideon October 18, 2023
The agreement signed Tuesday in Barbados between the Venezuelan government of President Nicolás Maduro and the main opposition leaders has been welcomed by the European Union, the United States, Brazil, and Argentina among other players on the world stage.