Area Total 783,562 sq km
Climate temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior
Natural Resources coal, iron ore, copper, chromium, antimony, mercury, gold, barite, borate, celestite (strontium), emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, pyrites (sulfur), clay, arable land, hydropower
Imports China 10%, Germany 9.1%, Russia 8.4%, US 5.1%, Italy 4.8% (2017) – machinery, chemicals, semi-finished goods, fuels, transport equipment
Exports Germany 9.6%, UK 6.1%, UAE 5.9%, Iraq 5.8%, US 5.5%, Italy 5.4%, France 4.2%, Spain 4% (2017) – apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment
Government presidential republic
Capital Ankara
Population 81,257,239 (July 2018 est.)
Ethnicity Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 19%, other minorities 7-12% (2016 est.)
Language Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages

News about Turkey

  • Turkey’s Erdoğan questions Macron's mental state – video
    on October 25, 2020

    Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan suggested Emmanuel Macron, his French counterpart needed mental health treatment, the latest sign of a growing backlash in the Islamic world sparked by Macron’s claim that Islam is in crisis.Ankara has been particularly incensed by a campaign championed by Macron to protect France’s secular values against radical […]

  • France recalls ambassador to Turkey after Erdoğan questions Macron's mental state
    by Patrick Wintour Diplomatic Editor on October 25, 2020

    Macron’s office denounces ‘rudeness’ after Turkish president calls for counterpart to have ‘mental check’France said it would recall its envoy to Turkey for consultations following “unacceptable” comments by the Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who suggested Emmanuel Macron, his French counterpart needed mental health […]

  • EU border force 'complicit' in illegal campaign to stop refugees landing
    by Katy Fallon on October 24, 2020

    Evidence including footage of Frontex ship making waves near a migrant dinghy appears to contradict agency’s denial of involvement in pushbacksThe EU’s border agency has been accused of complicity in illegal and often dangerous pushbacks aimed at preventing asylum seekers crossing the Aegean Sea.Even as evidence of an aggressive maritime campaign by […]

  • Rights group seeks to use UK sanctions to stop abuse of Turkish lawyers
    by Owen Bowcott Legal affairs correspondent on October 22, 2020

    Arrested Lawyers Initiative gathering evidence on hundreds jailed or awaiting trialCampaigners are seeking to use the UK’s Magnitsky-style human rights sanctions against Turkish prosecutors and officials responsible for arresting and imprisoning thousands of lawyers.Organisers of the Arrested Lawyers Initiative (ALI) are gathering evidence about the […]

  • Greece extends wall on Turkish border as refugee row deepens
    by Bethan McKernan in Istanbul on October 20, 2020

    Police say mobile sirens and surveillance cameras also used to deter crossings into EUGreece has begun extending a border wall along its frontier with Turkey to deter migrants from trying to enter the European Union, the Greek government has said, after a border standoff earlier this year which has helped drive Greek-Turkish relations to a dangerously low […]

  • Rightwing hardliner wins Turkish Cypriot presidential runoff
    by Helena Smith in Athens on October 18, 2020

    Ersin Tatar, who favours even closer ties with Turkey, defeats incumbent Mustafa AkinciA rightwing hardliner who has long advocated closer ties with Turkey has won a presidential runoff in the Turkish-occupied northern Cyprus.Ersin Tatar, whose candidacy had been openly endorsed by Ankara, garnered 51.74% of the vote once all ballots had been counted, local […]

  • Nagorno-Karabakh: Armenia and Azerbaijan accuse each other of breaking fresh truce
    by Agencies on October 18, 2020

    Casualties reported after Armenia says it was shelled twice, while Azerbaijan says mortars and artillery were used against itArmenia and Azerbaijan accused each other on Sunday of violating a new humanitarian ceasefire in fighting over the mountain enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh, hours after it was agreed.The truce reached on Saturday came into force at […]

  • Russia calls on Armenia and Azerbaijan to respect ceasefire in Nagorno-Karabakh
    by Michael Safi on October 14, 2020

    World leaders call for halt to fighting that has killed more than 500 people in 17 daysRussia has made a fresh appeal to Armenia and Azerbaijan to respect a badly fraying ceasefire in the breakaway South Caucasus region of Nagorno-Karabakh, with both sides blaming each other for fresh attacks, including on civilians.The truce was supposed to come into force […]

  • Peace hopes at stake as northern Cyprus voters go to the polls
    by Helena Smith on October 11, 2020

    Unofficial early results show first round voting has narrowed field to leftist incumbent and rightwing nationalistVoters in Turkish-occupied northern Cyprus are to face a stark choice between candidates in a run-off presidential election deemed crucial for the resumption of peace talks that could end 46 years of ethnic division on the Mediterranean […]

  • The Observer view on Nagorno-Karabakh | Observer editorial
    by Observer editorial on October 11, 2020

    Unless the world’s big powers act, the fragile ceasefire is unlikely to holdThe fact that Azerbaijan and Armenia have gone back to war at a moment of acute global crisis is deeply dismaying. In March, the UN called for a global ceasefire in support of the bigger battle against coronavirus. Its appeal has been widely ignored. The conflict in the South […]

  • Fresh Azerbaijani shelling shatters peace after fragile ceasefire agreed
    by Bethan McKernan in Stepanakert on October 10, 2020

    Any hope for a truce in the long-running conflict in the Armenian enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh was short-livedThe streets of Stepanakert were quiet as a ceasefire went into effect on Saturday afternoon, but the local population’s ears were still ringing from shelling and drone strikes that have decimated this highland town over the past 13 days.The peace […]

  • War has broken out on the edge of Europe. What's behind it? | Thomas de Waal
    by Thomas de Waal on October 10, 2020

    The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict is a mostly forgotten tragedy, with high human cost and a labyrinth of differing viewpointsA tragedy is unfolding on the edge of Europe in and around the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh in the South Caucasus. A mostly forgotten war has restarted between Armenians and Azerbaijanis. Outsiders are struggling to respond. As […]

  • Turkish military officer AVOIDS charges for wife's death in Florida
    on October 9, 2020

    Huseyin Kurtdere, 39, was arrested and charged with battery and false imprisonment in July for the killing of his wife, Nalan, 38, in Tampa.

  • Cyprus asks UN to step in as beach in north is opened after 46 years
    by Helena Smith in Athens on October 9, 2020

    Security council called on to review Turkey’s decision to reopen Varosha seafrontThe UN security council has been called on to address whether the opening of what was once the fabled Varosha beachfront in breakaway Turkish northern Cyprus is admissible under international law.The council is expected to review the controversial decision, which Ankara […]

  • Half of Nagorno-Karabakh population displaced by Armenia and Azerbaijan clashes
    by Agence France-Presse on October 8, 2020

    As mediators prepare to meet in Geneva, officials say up to 75,000 people have been forced to flee fighting in breakaway regionClashes between Armenian and Azerbaijani forces have displaced half of the population of the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh region, according to its rights ombudsman, as international mediators were set to hold their first meeting in […]

  • EU condemns northern Cyprus plan to reopen beach in no man's land
    by Agence France-Presse in Brussels on October 7, 2020

    Turkish Cypriot leader’s plan is described as ‘serious violation’ of UN ceasefire agreementThe EU’s diplomatic chief has condemned plans by breakaway northern Cyprus to reopen the beach of an abandoned resort in no-man’s land as a “serious violation” of a UN ceasefire agreement on the divided island.The Turkish Cypriot leader, Ersin Tatar, […]

  • Turkey and UAE openly flouting UN arms embargo to fuel war in Libya
    by Ruth Michaelson on October 7, 2020

    Guardian joint investigation finds both sides send military cargo planes to region, in blatant violation of agreement to end conflictTurkey and the United Arab Emirates are carrying out regular and increasingly blatant violations of the UN arms embargo on Libya, fuelling a proxy war that is evading political solutions, a joint investigation by the Guardian […]

  • Families 'devastated' after man dies and two fall sick during Turkish dental trip
    by Henry McDonald on October 6, 2020

    Sister of Richard Molloy, from Northern Ireland, travels to resort to repatriate his bodyThe families of a Northern Irish man who died and two of his friends who fell critically ill after a dental tourism trip to Turkey desperately want to bring their sons home, their local MP has said.Richard Molloy, 33, was found dead on Saturday in the Turkish port city […]

  • Turkey and Russia's deepening roles in Libya complicate peace efforts
    by Patrick Wintour Diplomatic editor on October 5, 2020

    Ankara’s assertive foreign policy is an increasing factor in broad geopolitical disputePlans for a durable Libyan ceasefire are to be endorsed by diplomats from 15 countries on Monday, but the value of the commitments made in the virtual meeting are belied by signs that deepening involvement in the country by rival external powers including Russia and […]

  • Nagorno-Karabakh: Azerbaijan accuses Armenia of rocket attack
    by Bethan McKernan and agencies on October 5, 2020

    At least one person killed in Ganja incident, as former Soviet republics move closer to war Fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh has escalated dramatically after Baku accused Armenian forces of firing rockets at Ganja, which lies outside the contested territory.At least one civilian was killed and four more […]

RSS News Sources: The Guardian | The Independent
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