Area Total 652,230 sq km
Climate arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
Natural Resources natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stones, arable land
Imports China 21%, Iran 20.5%, Pakistan 11.8%, Kazakhstan 11%, Uzbekistan 6.8%, Malaysia 5.3% (2017) – machinery and other capital goods, food, textiles, petroleum products
Exports India 56.5%, Pakistan 29.6% (2017) – opium, fruits and nuts, handwoven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems, and medical herbs
Government presidential Islamic republic
Capital Kabul
Population 34,940,837 (July 2018 est.)
Ethnicity Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other (includes smaller numbers of Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, Pashai, and Kyrghyz) (2015)
Language Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 77% (Dari functions as the lingua franca), Pashto (official) 48%, Uzbek 11%, English 6%, Turkmen 3%, Urdu 3%, Pashayi 1%, Nuristani 1%, Arabic 1%, Balochi 1% (2017 est.)

News about Afghanistan

  • UNSC condemns attack on Pakistani embassy in Kabul
    on December 3, 2022

    NEW YORK, 3rd December, 2022 (WAM) - The UN Security Council issued a press statement condemning in "the strongest terms" Friday's terrorist attack on the Pakistani embassy in Kabul that targeted the Head of the Mission and called for ensuring the safety of diplomatic and consular premises. The 15-member C

  • US designates 4 Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan members as global terrorists
    on December 3, 2022

    Washington [US] December 3 (ANI): The United States declared four leaders of Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), also known as Pakistani Taliban, as global terrorists on December 1, Thursday. The US added that it would use all its srength and resources to bring them to justice, The Dawn reported quoting a source from Pakistan. The Dawn report further quoted […]

  • Migration likely to be a problem for ‘years to come’, says minister
    by Gavin Cordon on December 3, 2022

    Immigration Minister Robert Jenrick said they are looking at tightening the rules on student visas to get the numbers down.

  • Iran using former Afghan soldiers as military force: Taliban
    on December 3, 2022

    Kabul [Afghanistan], December 3 (ANI): Iran is using former Afghan soldiers for their military force and they are also being sent to fight in Syria alongside Ukraine, said Taliban's acting minister for refugees and repatriation, Khalil Rahman Haqqani on Friday, TOLOnews reported. "I have shared this issue with them (Iranian authorities), Afghans have […]

  • Under Taliban, lives of former Afghanistan security forces under grave threat: Report
    on December 3, 2022

    Kabul [Afghanistan], December 3 (ANI): In Afghanistan, the Taliban continue to torture and detainment forcefully security officials who had worked under the previous government, because of which the life of these officials has become miserable, according to a report in the Afghan Diaspora Network (ADN). The Taliban took over Afghanistan after US and NATO […]

  • UNSC condemns attack on Pakistan embassy in Afghanistan
    on December 3, 2022

    New York [US], December 3 (ANI): The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) condemned the terrorist attack on the Pakistan embassy in the capital city of Afghanistan. "The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the terrorist attack on the Embassy of Pakistan in Kabul, Afghanistan, on 2 December 2022, where the Head of Mission came […]

  • UN Security Council slams attack on Pakistani embassy in Afghanistan
    on December 3, 2022

    UNITED NATIONS, Dec. 2 (Xinhua) -- UN Security Council on Friday condemned "in the strongest terms" what it called a "terrorist attack" on the Pakistani embassy in Afghanistan, while stressing the principle of the inviolability of diplomatic premises. Pakistani ambassador to Afghanistan has survived unscathed a gun attack by unknown armed men at the […]

  • Iran Condemns Attack on Pakistan Embassy in Kabul
    on December 3, 2022

    TEHRAN (Tasnim) - The spokesman for the Iranian Foreign Ministry strongly condemned a gun attack on Pakistan's embassy in the capital of Afghanistan, Kabul. - Politics news - In a statement on Friday, Nasser Kanaani expressed concern about the continued terror attacks against innocent citizens of Afghanistan and condemned the attack on Pakistan's embassy, […]

  • Never did Urdu journalism face as difficult a time as today
    on December 3, 2022

    FacebookTweetPinLinkedInEmailSpeakers at a session on the second day of the Annual Urdu Conference were unanimous in their opinion that though it had been a downhill journey for the Urdu journalism, it was to stay. They called for improving the professional standards of Urdu journalism and infuse new ideas, blood and technology to bring it on a par with the […]

  • Pakistan again tops list of nations at-risk of mass killings: US report
    on December 3, 2022

    Islamabad [Pakistan], December 3 (ANI): For the third time in a row, Pakistan has topped the list of nations at the highest risk of experiencing mass killings, according to the latest assessment by the US think-tank Early Warning Project. Pakistan faces multiple security and human rights challenges, including increasing violence by the Tehreek-e-Taliban […]

  • China blasts US for coercive diplomacy
    on December 3, 2022

    Beijing responded after Washington's top diplomat accused China of preparing a military build-upChina has called on the US to drop its "coercive diplomacy" after a senior US official suggested Beijing poses a threat to the "rules-based international order," pointing out Washington's long history of aggressive foreign policies.Speaking during a Friday

  • VOA Interview December 2: John Kirby
    on December 3, 2022

    white house - VOA White House correspondent Paris Huang spoke with John Kirby, National Security Council (NSC) Coordinator for Strategic Communications, on Friday about protests in China, the Chinese military, Taiwan, South Korea, and the Russian war in Ukraine.The following transcript has been edited for clarity.VOA: We'll start with the protests happening […]

  • Extortion cases of proscribed outfit TTP in Pakistan: Report
    on December 3, 2022

    Islamabad [Pakistan], December 3 (ANI): Since the Taliban took over Afghanistan in 2021, Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan's (TTP) rebellious activities and the extortion cases has increased in Pakistan. Reportedly, The banned outfit group, TTP is extorting money from influential and wealthy people in Pakistan with numbers having a 93 code indicating an Afghan SIM […]

  • Xinhua world news summary at 0030 GMT, Dec. 3
    on December 3, 2022

    LOS ANGELES -- New Omicron subvariants BQ.1 and BQ.1.1 accounted for over 60 percent of new COVID-19 cases in the United States in the latest week, according to estimates released Friday by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. BQ.1.1 was estimated to make up about 31.9 percent of circulating variants this week, and BQ.1 was estimated to make […]

  • Pakistan's Top Diplomat in Afghanistan Survives Assassination Attempt
    on December 2, 2022

    ISLAMABAD - Pakistan's chief diplomat in Afghanistan survived an assassination attempt Friday, but his security guard was critically injured.Sources say Charge d'affaires Ubaid-ur-Rehman Nizamani was on a routine afternoon walk on his residential lawn inside the sprawling embassy compound when unknown gunmen from a nearby building opened fire on him. The […]

  • UAE strongly condemns attempted assassination of head of Pakistani mission in Kabul
    on December 2, 2022

    ABU DHABI, 2nd December, 2022 (WAM) -- The UAE has strongly condemned the attempted assassination of the head of mission of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in the Afghan capital, Kabul, stressing the need to protect diplomatic missions and buildings in accordance with the norms and charters that govern diplomatic

  • UN Weekly Roundup: November 26 - December 2, 2022
    on December 2, 2022

    Editor's note: Here is a fast take on what the international community has been up to this past week, as seen from the United Nations perch.UN launches record humanitarian appeal for 2023 The United Nations launched a $51.5 billion appeal Thursday for humanitarian needs in 2023. Needs are the highest they have ever been, with 339 million people in 69 […]

  • Global Media Watchdog Condemns Taliban Ban on VOA, RFE/RL Broadcasts
    on December 2, 2022

    Washington / islamabad - The Committee to Protect Journalists has condemned the Afghan Taliban's decision to ban FM transmissions of two U.S.-funded news media and urged an immediate resumption of their broadcasts.The Islamist Taliban government's ban went into effect December 1. A day earlier, the Taliban's Ministry of Information and Culture said it had […]

  • Iran says continuation of attacks in Afghanistan not in region's interests
    on December 2, 2022

    TEHRAN, Dec. 2 (Xinhua) -- The Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman on Friday strongly condemned recent attacks in Afghanistan, saying the continuation of "acts of terror" in the country will lead to its destabilization, which is not in the region's interests, according to semi-official Mehr news agency. Nasser Kanaani made the remarks after two attacks took […]

  • US equates Russian military company with ISIS
    on December 2, 2022

    State Department says Wagner Group threatens "religious freedom" in Africa Alleging that Wagner Group threatened religious freedom in the Central African Republic, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken on Friday designated the Russian private military company in the same category as Islamic State (IS, […]

Afghanistan map